The MITRE ATT&CK Framework: Impact

Not all attackers are trying to exfiltrate data. In security, we’re all familiar with CIA triad—confidentiality, availability, and integrity. While Exfiltration describes adversarial behavior with the goal of violating confidentiality, attackers may look to manipulate, interrupt, or destroy your systems and data. The Impact tactic describes techniques that adversaries use to compromise the availability or integrity of your systems and data. This tactic was introduced to capture disruptive behavior such as ransomware, denial of service, and other destructive enterprise attacks that aren’t captured by the other ATT&CK tactics.