Malicious spam (malspam) with password-protected Word docs continues to be an issue. Here’s a recent password-protected Word doc that shows a 0 / 59 detection rate in VirusTotal as I write this: SHA256 hash 4e5f6a6e8c073828af55c830fad5ce7496313083f42f5bc655c90a9a1314cbb2. This type of malspam was recently seen from emails with sending addresses ending in anjanabro.com. Today’s diary reviews an example from Thursday 2018-07-26.
After successfully opening the attached Word document and enabling macros, I only saw one HTTP request that returned a malware binary. This was Hermes ransomware, and it didn’t generate any post-infection traffic. It merely encrypted my lab host’s files, then it presented an HTML file with instructions on how to pay the ransom and email the criminals.
Indicators for this infection
SHA256 hash: 4e5f6a6e8c073828af55c830fad5ce7496313083f42f5bc655c90a9a1314cbb2
File description: Password-protected Word doc with macro to retrieve malware
SHA256 hash: 8dcde14308b6a7edff44fa2ac0aa2e672104db6d35f37ac93452944323468e5e
File description: Follow-up malware – Hermes ransomware
Network traffic: hxxp://22.214.171.124/green.exe
Emails from the decryption instructions:
- Primary email: email@example.com
- Reserve email: firstname.lastname@example.org
As usual, properly-administered and up-to-date Windows hosts are not likely to get infected. System administrators and the technically inclined can also implement best practices like Software Restriction Policies (SRP) or AppLocker to prevent these types of infections.
A pcap of the infection traffic for today’s diary can be found here.
brad [at] malware-traffic-analysis.net